Origin of the sport
The game of basketball was invented by Canadian Dr James Naismith in December 1891 at the YMCA training school in Springfield, Massachusetts as a means of conditioning young athletes during the cold. Naismith published 13 basic rules for the new game and the original game involved peach baskets and a soccer-style ball with the aim to throw the basketball into the basket. The rules were later adapted into the game we know today and basketball quickly expanded throughout the US and Canada and across to Europe. The International Basketball Federation was founded in 1932 and basketball made its Olympic debut at the 1936 Berlin Games. The NBA – the planet’s foremost professional basketball league - was formed in 1946.
How it works
Basketball is a team game with five players per team on court at any one time and five players sitting on the bench that can be used for substitutions. The aim of the game is to throw the ball into the basket with each basket worth three, two or one point. If the player shoots from the outside of the three points line, the basket is worth three points, otherwise it is worth two points. It is also possible to score one point when shooting from the free throw line after a foul. Each player is assigned a position, broadly determined by the height of the player. The centre, known as position five, is usually taken by the tallest player. The medium sized players often play as forwards – position three and four. The shortest players typically play in the guard positions of one and two.
Format at World Masters Games 2017
The competition will run along three grades; A Grade – Premiere, B Grade – Competitive, C Grade – Recreational and Open Grade. The A Grade competition will organise events for both men and women 30+, 35+, 40+, 45+, 50+, 55+ and 60+ the B Grade 30+, 35+, 40+, 45+, 50+, 55+ and 60+, the C Grade 30+ 40+ 50+ 60+ and the Open Grade 65+ and 70+. Each competition will be run on a round robin format followed by knockout round (s). The World Masters Games 2017 organisers reserve the right to combine age categories if there are not enough teams to make the competition viable. The Competitive and Premiere grades will be contested on a 10-minute stop clock and the social leagues a seven-minute stop clock.
Expected number of competitors -1850
AUT University – North Shore Campus
North Shore Events Centre
Bruce Pulman Park
Kiwi Legend – Sean Marks
Auckland-born Sean Marks is one of New Zealand’s most famous basketball exports. The 6ft 9ins power forward/centre left to his homeland to pursue a career in the US taking up a scholarship at the University of California. He was later drafted 44th overall to the New York Knicks and enjoyed a career spanning more than ten years in the NBA playing for the likes of the San Antonio Spurs, Miami Heat and Phoenix Suns. He was also a mainstay of the Tall Blacks team for many years featuring at the 2000 and 2004 Olympic Games.
Did you know?
The original colour of a basketball was brown and it was only in the 1950s when the familiar orange ball that we know today was developed.