Origin of Volleyball:
The game was invented by William G. Morgan –an instructor at the YMCA in Holyoke, Massachussets as a means of creating a game for older members of the YMCA, which demanded less physical exertion than basketball. Known initially as ‘Mintonette’ Morgan borrowed the net from tennis and raised it to 6ft 6ins – just above the height of an average man’s head. During an early demonstration game it was noted that the players appeared to be volleying the ball, so it quickly converted to the name volleyball.
By the 1920s the game was expanding to all parts of the globe including Asia and in 1947 the Federation Internationale De Volleyball (FIVB) – the international governing body for the sport - was formed. Indoor volleyball made its Olympic debut at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics and Beach Volleyball was introduced as part of the Olympic programme at the 1996 Atlanta Games.
How it Works:
A game played between two teams divided by a net with the object to send the ball over the net to ground it on the opponent’s court. Each team has a maximum of three hits to return the ball back. The ball is put in play by the server over the net. Each rally continues until the ball is grounded on the playing court, goes out or a team fails to return it properly. The indoor game boasts six-players per team and each team must rotate one position clockwise around the court every time a team wins back service from the opposition. The indoor game is played across the best of five sets with the first four sets played to 25 points (or the first to two clear points if the score reaches 24-24). The final set is the first to 15pts. The two-player per team Beach Volleyball game follows broadly the same rule with some differences, although it is played on sand and often outside. Games are the best of three sets with the first two sets played to 21 pts. The third set is the first to 15pts. The height of the net for the men is 2.43m (eight feet) and women 2.24m (7ft 4ins). An indoor volleyball court measures 18mx9m and a beach volleyball court 16mx8m.
Format at World Masters Games:
Indoor and Beach tournaments will take place with both formats running age group competitions from 30+, 35+, 40+, 45+,50+,55+, 60+,65+ for men and women. Indoor will be 6-a-side tournament with beach competitions for both two and four-a-side. All tournaments will run an initial round robin format with the option for elimination rounds in the latter stages depending on numbers.
Expected Number of Players: 1000 (across both indoor and beach)
The Trusts Arena – Indoor
Mairangi Bay Beach Volleyball Centre - Beach
Hugh McCutcheon – Christchurch-born McCutcheon enjoyed an accomplished playing career, but he is perhaps better known for his outstanding coaching achievements. A New Zealand representative player in both Indoor and Beach the Brigham Young University graduate coached the USA men’s team to the Olympic title in Beijing – the USA first men’s Olympic gold for 20 years. He then took over the coaching reins of the US women’s team, guiding them to three gold medals at the FIVB World Grand Prix and Olympic silver at the London Games. He is now head coach at the University of Minnesota.
Did You Know:
In the late 1990s the FIVB introduced a new specialist role; the libero. The player wears a different colour uniform to the rest of the team and can be substituted in backcourt for any player on the team. The libero cannot serve, spike the ball over the net or rotate into the front-line positions, but plays a vital role in serve reception and backcourt defence. The introduction of the libero has added an extra dimension to backcourt defence, improving the reception of teams, lengthening the rallies and giving a crucial role to shorter players.
How to Get Involved?