Origin of the Sport
A very crude form of the game was played in Egypt 4000 years ago and in Ethiopia around 1000BC. There is also evidence a form of hockey was played by the Romans and Greeks and by the Aztecs. The modern version of the game emerged in the mid-19th century. The first Hockey Association was formed in the UK in 1876, which drew up the first set of rules. Hockey first appeared on the Olympic programme at the 1908 London Games featuring separate teams from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales plus teams from Germany and France. Hockey then appeared on the Olympic schedule intermittently until the 1928 Amsterdam Games. It has remained on the programme ever since. The international governing body for the sport (FIH) was formed in 1924.
How it works?
An 11-a-side team game – (with ten outfield players and one goalkeeper) - the aim of the game is to hit the ball with a stick into the opponents’ net. The team scoring the most goals wins. The game is split into two halves of 35 minutes each. To score a goal the ball must pass between the goalposts and beneath the crossbar. A goal can only be scored from inside the shooting circle – a semi-circular area in front of the opponents’ goal. The game is played with a hard ball and a stick. Only the flat side of the stick is allowed to control the ball. Players must not play the ball with any part of the stick when the ball is above shoulder height with the exception of defenders, who are permitted to use the stick to stop or deflect a shot at goal at any height.
Format at World Masters Games
The 11-a-side hockey tournament is divided into A Grade – Competitive and B Grade – Social. The A Grade – Competitive age groupings are divided into five years for men and women - +35, +40, +45, +50, +55 and +60. The B Grade – Social age groupings are in ten year increments - 35+, 45+ and 55+. The competition will initially be run in a round robin format and later as a straight knock-out competition.
Expected number of competitors: 1000
North Harbour Hockey Stadium
Tony Ineson - The man whose goal sealed the Black Sticks memorable gold medal success at the 1976 Montreal Olympics will be forever remembered in the annals of New Zealand hockey history. A tough right back, Ineson was part of a strong core of six key players in that triumphant squad to emerge out of Christchurch’s University squad. Ineson, the skipper, provided the winning touch from a penalty strike in the third period of extra time in a hard fought 2-1 semi-final victory over The Netherlands. Then, in a tense final, he smashed home the winning goal in a narrow 1-0 defeat of Australia to lead his country to an unforgettable gold medal success. Ineson was also selected to compete for New Zealand at the 1980 Moscow Olympics but because of the American-led boycott he did not get the opportunity to defend his title.
Did you know?
Harry Potter actress Emma Watson was a keen hockey player in her youth as was the late Australian actor Heath Ledger.